Research Interests



Population Health


Literacy & Education


Maternal & Child Health

Health Infrastructure: Health facilities

Health Infrastructure: Healthcare worker ratios


Fact: Oyam is home to the Lango ethnic group, which has over 100 clans

Research Question: What is the current structure of the Lango ethnic group in Oyam?

Research Question: How have clans separated into separate villages? What is the social dynamic of certain villages with a large diversity in clans?

Fact: During the LRA insurgency, between 1986 and 2006, the majority of Oyam’s population was living in IDP camps

Research Question: How has the long absence from home in Oyam District contributed to the challenges that the district’s people in terms of education, health, and employment?

Fact: 56% of Oyam District’s population is under 18 years old

Research Question: What are the contributing factors and results of such a young population?

Fact: Life expectancy is 48 years old

Research Question: How does a short life expectancy contribute to aspirations for education, income, or family?

Fact: The birth rate in Oyam is 7.1 and the national birth rate for Uganda is 6.9

Research Question: Why specifically is the birth rate in Oyam so high and how does it affect family dynamics, children’s education, children’s nutrition, housing, etc.?

Fact: Latrine coverage is just 53%

Research Question: What are the barriers, beliefs, and attitudes surrounding latrine construction and usage?

Fact: Safe water coverage from wells and protected springs is 48.1%

Research Question: Which methods do families use to treat the water they collect from an unsafe source?

Research Question: Investigate knowledge and beliefs about drinking unsafe water.

Research Question: What are the rates of diarrhea and other water-borne illnesses in families drinking unsafe water versus those drinking water from a safe source?

Fact: The literacy rate is 38% for males and 32% for females.

Research Question: Did the LRA insurgency and forced occupation of IDP camps contribute to the low literacy rates?

Research Question: Compare educational opportunities available at IDP camps versus current schools in the district.

Fact: 94.2% of Oyam residents work in the agricultural sector

Research Question: An analysis of non-agricultural employment opportunities available, including market access, demand analysis, training opportunities, etc.

Fact: Oyam’s under-5 mortality rate is 191 per 1,000, compared to 69/1,000 for Uganda and 7/1,000 in the US

Research Question: Why is the under-5 mortality rate so startlingly high?

Research Question: What are the specific causes of death for under-5 children in Oyam?

Fact: the maternal mortality rate is 500 per 100,000 in Oyam District

Research Question: Which delay contributes the most to this very high maternal mortality rate? Decision to seek health care, transportation to seek health care, or treatment once the mother has arrived at a health care facility?

Fact: Only 45% of births take place in a health facility

Research Question: What are the barriers, attitudes and knowledge surrounding health facilities versus home births that prevent more mothers from giving birth at a health facility?

Research Question: Who is usually present at a home delivery and what supplies are available? What is a typical response when a complication arises at home?

Fact: The number of women receiving antenatal care drops sharply between the first and second visits from 16,177 to 5,372

Research Question: How effective are incentives in changing behavior among GHN (U) beneficiaries?

Fact: The contraceptive prevalence rate is 9%

Research Question: Which attitudes, knowledge gaps, and preferences are keeping this rate so low?

Fact: Only 39% of people in Oyam District live within 5km of a health center

Research Question: For those who do not, how likely are they to travel to a health center? What mode of transportation do they use? How severe does the illness have to be to make the decision to travel to a health center?

Fact: Oyam is experiencing an increase in NCDs, like mental illness; but there is very little data on it

Research Question: What is the prevalence of mental illness in Oyam District? What types of mental illness are most prevalent?

Fact: The physician density rate is 1:54,000

Research Question: What techniques do physicians in Oyam District utilize to handle such an enormous demand for their time and skill?

Fact: The number of children in 1st grade (P1) declines precipitously by the time children reach the end of secondary school (S6) from 19,552 to 141

Research Question: At what ages do most children drop out of school and what are the reasons for children of different ages and gender?

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